According to the Mayo Clinic, a traumatic brain injury is often caused by a violent blow to the head or a sudden and forceful shaking of the head or body. TBIs may also be caused by an object traveling into or through the brain tissue, and are much more common than most individuals assume. It is not unusual for individuals involved in an automobile crash or a slip and fall to sustain a traumatic brain injury.
For instance, a concussion by medical definition is classified as a traumatic brain injury. The University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences estimates that between 1.7 to 3 million concussions occur in the United States each year due to sports-related accidents alone. Over fifty million individuals sustain a TBI worldwide each year, as reported by the National Library of Medicine.
Traumatic brain injuries often go overlooked by medical personnel who may label a patient’s file with a “no LOC”, “mild TBI”, or they may inaccurately use the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score when the patient first visits the hospital. “No LOC” represents “no loss of consciousness” while “mild TBI‘ ‘ or concussion may imply that the patient may experience no long-term effects after the accidents. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), used to assess consciousness after an incident, is scored between 3 and 15, with 3 being the worst and 15 the best.
Individuals who have suffered a TBI are often involved in subsequent litigation because often another person was partly or wholly at fault for their injuries and they wish to seek compensation. To defend their right to compensation, an individual or their lawyer will document the personal injury case, so that a monetary value may be settled for past, present, and future damages.